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Socioeconomic Conditions for Puerto Ricans in Texas, 2010

Puerto Ricans in Texas have fared better as far as jobs than Puerto Ricans in the United States as a whole.  Puerto Ricans in Texas were well represented among those employed (61 percent) even though they were slightly overrepresented among those who are unemployed in the state, according to a new data sheet produced by the Centro Data Team, which is based on statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey 2010. Nationally, Puerto Ricans had an unemployment rate of 10 percent while in Texas it was only 6 percent.

Yet Puerto Ricans also had lower incomes than the Texas population as a whole. The median household income in Texas was $48,615 in 2010. Among Puerto Ricans, it was 9 percent lower ($44,146). This disparity was also evidenced in per capita income, with Puerto Ricans reporting 16 percent less income ($20,043) than the Texas population as a whole ($23,863). 

Puerto Ricans also trailed the Texas population in the amount of earnings they made from work. Eighty-three percent of the Texas households that reported earning income averaged $67,091. Among the 88 of Puerto Rican households that reported such earned income it was 14 percent lower ($57,696). They also reported lower Social Security income than the population as whole.

Puerto Ricans represented in the labor force, which includes those employed, the unemployed who are looking for work, and in the Armed Forces, were well above Texas’ average, a rate of 72 percent compared to 65 percent for the total population.

Poverty rates for Puerto Ricans in Texas were lower in comparison to the Texas population as a whole as well as to Puerto Ricans in the United States. The poverty rate of Puerto Rican female households in Texas (28 percent) was almost half that of Puerto Rican female households nationally (44 percent). Puerto Ricans under 18 years old also had a lower poverty rate than their peers at the national level.

Given a lower rate of earned income, Puerto Ricans turned to other sources of income to compensate for the disparity, including food stamps and other public assistance.

As far as educational achievement for the population of 25 years old and older, Puerto Ricans in Texas tended to be better educated. Puerto Ricans were notably underrepresented among those with less than a high school diploma and notably overrepresented among the college educated (27 percent), a greater educational attainment than for Puerto Ricans nationally.

For more information about the socioeconomic conditions of Puerto Ricans in Texas, view the data sheet, Puerto Ricans in Texas, 2010 which includes charts, at Population Maps.